ALL Chess Tactics Explained |Chess Strategy, Moves, Ideas & Basics for Beginners| How to Play Chess

ALL Chess Tactics Explained |Chess Strategy, Moves, Ideas & Basics for Beginners| How to Play Chess


You must have heard that chess is 10% strategy
and 90% tactics. While strategy is your long-term plan in a
game, tactics are a set of moves to gain a quick win like a material or a positional
advantage. In this video, I will show you all the major
tactics with examples and also a really interesting chess puzzle to test your understanding of
these tactics. So stay tuned till the end and keep watching
Chess Talk. I will be showing you 24 tactics and in each
case, it will be white to move. Let’s start with one of the most common tactics
and that is the fork. A fork happens when a single piece makes two
or more direct attacks at the same time. In most cases, two pieces are threatened,
therefore, a fork is also sometimes called a double attack. Let’s look at this game. White plays rook to c7 placing a double attack
on the knight & bishop. Since black can only save one of them, white
will win a piece & that’s the main idea behind a fork. Remember, you can fork with all your pieces
including a pawn so always be on the lookout for such positions. This is an example of a fork with the knight,
this is a fork with the bishop, here’s a fork with the queen, this is how you can fork with
your king and finally, this is a fork with a pawn. A pin occurs when a piece is held in place
and can’t move without giving up a more valuable piece behind it. In this game, white plays queen to h8 pinning
this bishop. Black cannot move his bishop since the king
is behind it and therefore, white will win this bishop. There are 2 types of pins – an absolute pin
& a relative pin. When a piece is pinned to the King, it is
called an absolute pin. The pinned piece just cannot move in this
case. It would be illegal if he tries to move his
knight here, therefore, it’s an absolute pin. On the other hand, a relative pin is when
a piece is pinned to another piece of greater value, and not the King. In this case, the knight is pinned to the
queen. So eventhough black can legally move his knight,
but it would be a terrible move because he would then lose his queen. Hence, it’s a relative pin. Remember, you can pin only with 3 pieces – the
queen, the rook & the bishop. The next tactic we are going to look at is
a skewer. A Skewer is an attack on two pieces that are
lined up with one another. The first piece is the more valuable piece. When it moves out of the way, the less valuable
piece behind it is captured. In this case, when the king moves, the queen
is captured. In fact, you can think of a Skewer as an opposite
of the Pin. In a pin, the less valuable piece is in the
front. Whereas, in a Skewer, the more valuable piece
is in the front. Just like the pin, you can skewer only with
3 pieces – the queen, rook & bishop. Now let’s look at discovered attacks. A Discovered Attack occurs when one piece
moves, and uncovers an attack by another piece. In this game, white moves his bishop & by
doing so, we can say that he has launched a discovered attack on this knight. We can also call this a discovered double
attack since he is also attacking this rook with his bishop. Since black cannot save both of them in one
move, white will win material & gain a solid advantage. A very effective form of Discovered Attack
is the Discovered Check. This occurs when the uncovered piece checks
the opposing King. In this game, white moves his rook and uncovers
a discovered check on the black king. Once the king moves, white can capture this
knight & gain a match winning advantage. Another powerful form of the discovered check
is the discovered double check. A Double check is more dangerous because with
this, not only the hidden piece attacks the king, but also the piece that moves. Have a look at this game. White plays knight to f5 and its a double
check. Not only is the queen attacking the enemy
king, but also this knight. Whenever its a double check, the enemy king
has to move. In this game, since there is no safe square
for the king to go, its a brilliant checkmate. Next on our list is a tactic called Windmill. It’s a rare tactic in which a repeated discovered
check allows one piece to go on a rampage, capturing multiple enemy pieces. Let’s take a look. In this game, white first sacrifices his queen
& then captures on g7 with a check. He then begins a series of checks which are
all forced and inescapable by black. This leads to a series of captures as you
can see & eventually white ends up with a huge material advantage. The next tactic we are going to look at is
interference. In chess, interference occurs when the line
between an attacked piece and its defender is interrupted by interposing a piece. In this game, as you can see, both these rooks
are defending each other. White plays the smart move knight c6 check. This knight is now interfering between these
two rooks and making this rook vulnerable. Whatever move black plays, white will gain
material & take the lead. On no.7 is overloading. As the name suggests, overloading is when
one piece is assigned to protect multiple pieces, squares or threats at the same time. When this happens, we refer to that piece
as being overloaded or overworked. Let’s understand from this example how we
can distract an overloaded piece from one of its protecting tasks. If you analyze, this bishop is defending 2
threats – preventing this checkmate & protecting this pawn. Since this bishop is overloaded, white can
take advantage by capturing this pawn. Black cannot take this bishop because of this
checkmate so eventually, he will lose a lot of material. The next tactic you need to know is the deflection
tactic. The idea here is to chase away or to deflect
an enemy piece from an important square. In this game for example, we can see that
this king is defending this rook. If white can move this king away from this
square, then he can take this rook. So can you find a move to achieve that? Yes, white can simply play bishop h7 check
to deflect this king away from this important square. And after the king moves, white can capture
the rook & gain a material advantage. Now let’s look at decoy. It’s a tactic where you set up a trap for
your opponent. It’s kind of related to deflection. In deflection, we force the opponent away
from a particular square, whereas in decoy, we force him to move his piece to a particular
square. Such a square where we want to get him to
is generally called a poisoned square. So basically, we play a move that forces the
enemy piece to that poisoned square. In this game, black is completely dominating. One more move & white will be gone. Can you think of any way for white to win
this immediately? See white can give checks, but black can escape
this way. Had this black king been here, rook to c8
was checkmate. Thinking on these lines, we need to get this
king to this poisoned f8 square & how can we do that? Yes, it’s queen f8 check. If king moves to h7, then queen g7 is a checkmate. And if king takes the queen, then rook to
c8 is a checkmate. Okay, we are almost half way through. And if you have reached this far and liked
it, then please show your support & hit that Thumbs up button right now. Okay, now lets look at a tactic called X-ray
attack. Its an indirect attack on an enemy piece or
an indirect defense through an enemy piece. To understand, let’s look at this game. As you can see, the bishop on f3 is attacking
the bishop on d5. At the same time, its indirectly attacking
the pawn on b7. By using the x-ray tactic, we can take this
pawn on b7 with our knight and then if the bishop captures our knight, we can recapture
with our bishop & eventually, we are up by a pawn. Let’s look at another example. Here white plays queen to e8 check. Eventhough there is no direct defender for
this queen, this rook & queen still defend each other through this enemy rook. Its like an x-ray defense. Since it is a check & the black king cannot
move, therefore, black is forced to take the queen. And finally, after rook captures, its a checkmate. Next, we have Zugzwang, which is a German
word that means “It is your turn to move, and all your moves are bad!” This is a situation where every move a player
could make will significantly worsen his position & at times, even cause him to lose the game. Let’s take a look. In this game, white plays the waiting move,
rook to d8, placing black in Zugzwang. Black’s only move loses the game immediately. Since there is no option to “skip a move”
in chess, black will have to move his king & then its game over. Tactic no 12 is Zwischenzug. This is a German word meaning an intermediate
move or an in-between move. It is a chess tactic in which a player inserts
an unexpected move in between an otherwise forcing sequence of moves. Let’s see how it works. In this game, white first takes this pawn
with his knight. Black is forced to take this rook. And now comes the in-between move. Instead of recapturing the rook, the knight
grabs another pawn with a check. And after the knight reaches a safe square,
he finally takes back the rook gaining a material advantage. The next tactic we need to know is undermining
which means Removal of the defender. It basically involves attacking or capturing
a critical defending piece to gain significant material advantage or even checkmate your
opponent. In this game, white takes this knight with
his rook. The main idea being to remove the knight on
e8 from its protection of the g7 pawn. So after the rook takes, queen g7 would be
a checkmate. Another tactic you can use is that of forcing
a stalemate from an otherwise lost or unfavorable position. In this game, as you can see, white is clearly
behind. A draw will be good for white. In order to achieve this, he starts off with
this rook check. Black plays the only legal move, king to b3. Now the white king has no square to go. Therefore, white plays the cunning move, rook
to c7, sacrificing the Rook to take advantage of the King’s stalemate position. Even if black moves his rook away, white can
keep chasing him & again, the game will end in a draw. Okay, now let’s look at another way of achieving
a draw from an otherwise losing position and that is by way of perpetual checks or by the
rule of threefold repetition. Draw by perpetual checks is a situation where
one player can check the opponent’s king forever, but cannot checkmate it. When perpetual check happens, the players
usually either agree to a draw or if the same position is repeated three times, it results
in a draw by the rule of “Threefold Repetition”. In this game, since white is down a significant
amount of material already, he decides to sacrifice his rook. After king takes, he continues to check with
his queen & the game ends in a draw. This is how you can use this rule to your
advantage. Okay, now let’s talk about Underpromotion
as a tactic. Underpromotion means promoting a pawn to a
piece less than a Queen, which means promoting a pawn to a Knight, Rook or Bishop. There could be many reasons for underpromoting. It could be to stop an opponent’s threat,
to deliver a deadly checkmate, to prevent a stalemate or to achieve something even better
than what a Queen could offer. In this game, for example, white played this
brilliant move combination and after underpromoting to a knight, he managed to come out on top. So whenever one of your pawns is approaching
promotion, just think if there is any way to underpromote & gain an advantage. Okay, now let’s look at some tactical sacrifices. The most common sacrifice is a Queen Sacrifice. In this game, white’s queen is being attacked. However, he ignores it to achieve something
bigger. First, he plays knight e8 exposing this bishop
& at the same time, giving a discovered check. Now when black takes this queen, then Rook
to f8 is a beautiful checkmate. There isn’t a better feeling than winning
a game like this. Anyways, another form of a sacrifice is an
exchange sacrifice which generally refers to the sacrifice of a Rook for a minor piece
like a Knight or a Bishop. In this game, white takes the knight & sacrifices
his rook. He goes down on exchange. However, just a move later, he can apply the
tactic of a fork to capture the rook & ultimately win the game. Another type of sacrifice is the clearance
sacrifice. As the name suggests, it is a sacrifice which
clears space. Imagine that you’re in the middle of a tough
chess match. You notice that you can make a strong capture
or check, but unfortunately, one of your own pieces is in the way. That’s where a clearance sacrifice comes
into play. We sacrifice one of our own pieces to clear
a square, rank, or diagonal. Here’s an example. In this game, white plays Rook to f8. The important idea behind this move is to
clear this long diagonal by sacrificing the rook. After black captures, white can make use of
this diagonal to attack & finish off this game with this forced sequence of moves. Okay, now the next tactic I’ll show you is
that of exposing hanging pieces. Hanging pieces are undefended pieces. In this game, both knights are hanging. However, white plays a brilliant two move
combination. First, he forces black’s bishop to an unprotected
square and finally after knight c2, both these black pieces are left hanging. Black is unable to defend both in one move
& eventually, he will lose material. The next tactic is something you might be
knowing, but don’t necessarily look for. It’s trapping a piece. A trapped piece is one that finds itself with
either no moves at all, or has no safe squares to go. In this game, white realises that the knight
on e5 is potentially trapped if the b6 knight can be eliminated from protecting the c4 square. So first, he takes this knight with his bishop. And after black recaptures, he attacks the
e5 knight with f4 & this knight is gone because it has no safe squares to go. Now lets look at some essential Checkmate
patterns & tactics. Lets start with the support mate. A support mate is a basic checkmate that occurs
simply when a Queen directly delivers checkmate receiving support from one other piece. In this game, the white queen checkmates the
black king with the support of this knight. Another popular mating pattern is the smothered
mate. It is a checkmate by a Knight against an enemy
King which has no way out because all of its escape squares are blocked by its own pieces. Here’s a classical example. White gives a check, king moves, now its a
double check. If king moves here, then queen f7 is a mate. But if king moves back to the corner, then
we have this smothered mate tactic. First queen g8 check, then rook takes on g8
is the only legal move and finally, knight to f7 is a smothered checkmate as the black
king cannot go anywhere since he is trapped by his own pieces. Okay, now another popular mating pattern is
the backrank mate. Such a mate happens when either the Rook or
Queen is attacking the enemy King, and the enemy King is trapped on the back rank by
his own army. Here’s an example. First, white takes the bishop with his queen,
then black recaptures & finally, rook d8 is a checkmate on the back rank since these pawns
block him from escaping. Okay, so here’s an interesting puzzle for
you all. In this position, you need to find the best
move continuation for white. Share your answers in the comments and also
mention the tactics that can be used. All the Best guys. Lets see how many of you can solve this! Well, don’t forget to Like this video & if
you haven’t yet Subscribed, then Subscribe now. Thanks for watching & I shall see you in my
next video.

100 Comments on “ALL Chess Tactics Explained |Chess Strategy, Moves, Ideas & Basics for Beginners| How to Play Chess”

  1. Chess Tactics Timestamps:
    0:04 Chess Strategy vs Tactics

    0:32 Fork

    1:16 Pins

    1:39 Absolute pins

    1:52 Relative pins

    2:14 Skewer

    2:47 Discovered Attack

    3:13 Discovered check

    3:31 Discovered double check

    4:00 Windmill

    4:30 Interference

    4:58 Overloading

    5:35 Deflecting

    6:08 Decoy

    7:13 X-Ray Attack

    8:07 Zugzwang

    8:39 Zwischenzug or Desperado

    9:13 Undermining

    9:38 Forcing a Stalemate

    10:14 Perpetual Checks

    10:56 Underpromoting

    11:36 Queen Sacrifice

    12:04 Exchange Sacrifice

    12:25 Clearance Sacrifice

    13:06 Exposing Hanging Pieces

    13:33 Trapping a Piece

    14:05 Support Mate

    14:23 Smothered Mate

    15:02 Back-rank Mate

    15:26 Chess Puzzle
    Don't forget to share the tactics in the puzzle πŸ™‚

  2. The first move is that the white Queen capture the black bas OK then then the black black p*** will capture our Queen then we will power night 29 E7 and and and the when the text and when the king move then we can simply to get captured of black queen

  3. Queen capture the bishop ,pawn takes the queen to avoid mate and then fork the queen and the king with a check by knight

  4. Qxf6,
    gxf6,
    Ne7+.
    First the protector of the fork on e7 is removed by the Queen
    Then the knight forks the Queen with the king , now the king moves anywhere,knight takes the Queen wins the game

  5. Hi Jeetendra Advani thankx for this wonderful educational video for beginners & Special thankx 4 the Timestamps details.

  6. q*f6 taking bishop and if black decides no to take queen on f6 then q*f8 is checkmate
    If g7 pawn takes queen on f6 then knight e7 is a fork on queen on d5 and king on g8 and yeah u r up by an piece. Enjoy!

  7. Isme exchange sacrifice hoga , wazeer se uat ko mar do fir ghode se check dekar wazeer le lo… sorry dehati bhasha h mujhe ye chess ki bhasha nahi aati

  8. Ammaazing fabbb 😍😍😍😘 we all know these tricks but always forget thanks for refreshing our minds πŸ€—πŸ€—πŸ˜

  9. Your channel is the second YouTube channel from where I learnt playing chess after HowCast! But it is you who has helped far more than any YouTube channel. It is because of your explanations and good puzzles that has today made me brilliant at chess.
    About 6 months ago I won Gold medal at Zonal Level in Chess Championship at Evergreen Public School!! Also exactly 1 year ago I earned silver medal, (won 4 out of 8 games and drew 1) at Zonal level Chess Championship at Amity International School!!
    Thank you for good stuff called chess, Jeetendra Advani sir!!

  10. Queen takes bishop at f6. If king goes to f7, queen to h8 is mate. If king goes to either h7 or h8, queen take g pawn is mate. If pawn takes f queen, then knight to e7 is a fork on the king and queen

    Which gives black with tears 😭

  11. Solution to the puzzle
    Queen to b8 pinning the king
    Black moves bishop to d8
    then fork the queen and king with the rock e7

  12. Best chess video ever πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘ I saw at least 200 videos but this is the most INFORMATIVE ONE

  13. Queen takes bishop
    Black recaptures queen
    Knight to E7 giving a check and fork
    Black king moves then knight takes queen
    White is up with a material
    good puzzle I think for the first time I get one right πŸ‘

  14. First Queen take f6 and then black will take it by his g7 pawn and them white can go to e7 and gift him a check and them take his queen.

  15. White Knight to e3,then if black queen goes to e5,with a bishop that supports each other, white knight can go to g4,forking the black bishop and the black queen. And white is winning a troop.Or if white decides to move the queen to take the black bishop, the black pawn will recapture the white queen and the knight can go to e7,forking the black king and queen and if the king moves anywhere, the knight will capture the black queen and white is winning a material and white is moving his or her best move. Good tactics i learn from your vids.

  16. 1. Queen takes bishop on f6.
    2. g7 pawn takes queen on f6.
    3. Then , Knight to e7 is a fork .
    4. Black king moves.
    5. Knight takes queen .
    6. And we're a piece ahead

  17. 1 Q takes Bishop on f6
    If g takes f6 then knight e7 is a fork to the king and queen. Then white can easily win it from here.

  18. So for the puzzle in the video, basically, white exchange sacrifices by capturing the bishop on f6, and after the pawn on g7 recaptures, the knight can fork the king and queen with knight to e7, and effectively you gain a bishop

  19. White knight moves to H6 to kill the pawn
    Black pawn from G7 kills the knight
    White queen goes to F6 and kills the (black) bishop
    Black king goes to F8
    White queen moves to D8
    Black goes to G7
    White queen goes to D5 to kill the black queen
    White pawn F2 goes to F4
    Black king goes to G6
    White queen moves to D6
    Black king goes to G5
    White pawn kills black king

    Edit: I just realised a mistake, white went twice. Nuuuuu, I am too lazy to fix it

  20. Queen captures bishop
    After recapturing the queen, knight gives a check and captures opponent's queen and gain piece

  21. Queen captures Bishop on f6. Then black captures queen with his pawn. Then white plays Knight to e7. And that's a fork. So black king moves, then we capture the Queen on d5

  22. My son playing chess always.he is studying 3 STD. He often watching your channel. He learned more about chess from you. Thanks a lot

  23. Queen takes bishop and if pawm takes then on e7 knight give check to white with fork and white takes black queen and easily win it from here

  24. At 4:30, if white plays Kg6 he regains the piece right? Although, that also seems lost because black is 2 pawns down.

  25. Very good examples. Many thanks for these collections. πŸ’ŽπŸ’ŽπŸ’ŽπŸ‘πŸ»πŸ‘πŸ»πŸ™πŸ™

  26. Heres the answer first the queen will take the bishop on f6 and then the pawn take the queen then the knight will go on e7 and fork the king and the queen

  27. First Queen captures bishop on f6 then pawn captures on f6 then knight on e7 is a fork with check then king moves then knight captures black Queen on d5

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