100 Comments on “How to make flat boards straight, smooth and square (stock preparation part 2) | Paul Sellers”

  1. PS: nave in English refers to the middle section of a cathedral, not to a boat (although the etymology runs from the Latin for boat)

  2. I have an antique walnut table with badly cupped and warped boards on its top. Do I have to do something like this, or can I steam them straight or use some other process? Maybe the wood wasn't completely dry when the piece was made. (Sorry if this is slightly off-topic, BTW). Thanks for any replies.

  3. A question Paul. A 5 or 6' length with cap and twist. Do you use your winding sticks end to end? Mid to end?
    And do you normally (as shown) deal with cupping and twist together please?

  4. Paul, I just wanted to take the time to thank you for your videos. I am new to woodworking and your tutorials are excellent. You take the time to explain in very fine detail so that even a novice such as my self can learn an immense amount of information. Thank you so much!

  5. Mr. Sellers, is this board pine? How do you go about determining what the finished dimensions can be after flattening and straightening? I mean without a well calculated guesstimate, one could be wasting a lot of time.

  6. Paul I admire all your efforts and your videos and you make it all look so easy. But I'm handicapped to a point that I can not stand and do any planning as you can, so can you tell me if there are other ways to accomplish the same effect as you get. I've even thought about going about it as the japanese woodworker do their way. Have you ever assisted a handicapped woodworker in working out their problems?

  7. Thats is one heck of a workout…I would be sweating up a storm and probably pass out by the time I would be done😂😂😂

  8. Great video, knowing first hand how hard it is to run long stock through an electric jointer this technique is something I NEED to learn. Flatten one side by hand and run the other side through an electric planer……..hybrid woodworker? I've also passed up some really cool looking wood because of twist and cup etc etc, I'm all in on learning more with hand tools. Thanks for the video.

  9. Paul  I know you used to do courses on basic woodworking, I know these must be hard work but I'd really love to do a short course on this subject, I am sure you would get lots of takers.

  10. Paul, I missed this one and glad I found it. I am working on lumber I've milled and sort of stumbling with Murphy teaching me. The grain changes and surface variances are pretty extreme in my chainsaw mill work. Thanks!

  11. Interesting technique to back the plane off on the second side. That forces the smaller and smaller deviations to become more apparent, ones that a thick slice would miss.

  12. What an outstanding video! Thank you Mr. Sellers for your hard work and exceptional instruction. Absolutely loved that you took the time to pencil outline the grain, showing how to properly read the grain. God Bless you Sir.

  13. What about the end grain on the front and back of the board? Will a hand plane alone work for this or do you need the shooting board?

  14. Lovely work….I am a Medical Doctor, I was sent a whole year to a very small town in Central America, they had no electricity, whenever I had a chance, I would go watch carpenters work, the whole process was just incredible, taking the tree down, hand sawing it into whatever pieces they needed, and then making furniture…..tables, doors, etc. no power tools !!!!! They were always talking, sometimes singing, or telling jokes, and most of all…sweating. I got myself some tools, made a wooden box and learned the basic stuff from them, I love wood working……..35 years have gone by, still love wood working, still trying to convince myself not to buy a jointer/planer…..great videos you have…..Thanks.

  15. that looks knackering. thank god for my local lumberyard (which is typically pretty good for storing and drying over a long period)

  16. Thank you so much. For me, seeing is believing. Believing I can do this. Love the demo along with your vocal tips and "thinking out loud". This is just premium, premium content. I try and absorb as much as I can but I'll be viewing this again and again as I move along. Wonderful.

  17. LOL, I thought you were going to say" I'm about ready for a spot o' tea…!!! and I love this"its feeling quite silky now" as you catch a splinter!! You poor glutton for punishment. This board saw you coming!!

  18. Does the completed side stay flat like you left it, or when you relieve pressures on the 2nd side, does the first side move?

  19. man, as someone who primarily uses just power tools, i respect the hell out of these guys who use only hand tools still.

  20. Does working wood during wet weather vs dry effect the process of woodworking? Should we avoid working wood on wet rainy days?

  21. We've added English subtitles to this video.

    We work hard to reach as many people around the world and help them learn woodworking. We need your help to translate our videos subtitles to your language and progress our work.

    Please contribute translations here: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?tab=2&c=UCc3EpWncNq5QL0QhwUNQb7w

  22. Flat ,straight , wood was rarity when I shopped at B&Q warehouse. For a good reason . Above the area where they stored the wood in racks was a huge hot air fan blowing down on the wood . A large company specialising in DIY and tools getting that so wrong . I always picked the wood without knots that had survived the heat treatment .

  23. Thank you so much for this video.
    I've made some garden furniture in the past which had a rustic look, although it wasn't meant to. I could never get 2 lengths of wood to lie parallel to each other due to the inaccuracy of my table and band saw. (never used hand tools)

    I've moved away from machines now and am buying second hand, hand tools. I find that the 'work out' I'm getting from restoring and using them (thanks to your videos) is doing me a power of good and I'm also getting better results!
    I've never bought any timber, I used to have a free supply of 7ft x 4" x 2" 'skids' off wagons but that has now dried up so I might have to start buying it when I can afford to.

    I love it when you put a bit of humor in the videos, it's very dry and hard to spot but always makes me laugh, I think its important to have fun, I always manage it even though I'm on my own in the shed, the dog thinks I'm crackers….

    I look forward to watching all your videos in the future.

  24. Hi paul, you have a beautiful way of working and a very gentle voice. I find watching you work is so incredibly relaxing and also inspiring.

  25. Thank you so much for sharing your knowledge and Experience Paul! Love your videos!
    I'm trying to straighten some fairly twisted "common boards", which I think is Home Depot's term for really knotty pine, and I'm have a really hard time. The boards are 36" long, 12" wide, and 1" thick; or at least they were before I started planing them with my no. 4 plane. They're shrinking fast and still pretty twisted. Is what I'm trying to do possible with a no. 4? It's the only plane I own. Time to invest in something bigger?

  26. Paul: How do you know the edge isn't inclined? I am trying to square up some rough lumber, and I am running into that issue.


  27. That is a real workout. That board had to be the pick of the litter. Cupped. Warped. Twisted. Cathedral pattern. Oak. Good for demonstrating the things we should know and done in which sequence.

  28. I spent most of my life in industrial design and working with amazing new technologies…robotics, cnc, etc.. However Mr.Seller has managed to woke up my interest in unpluged workshop and I just restored old Stanley #4.. The joy and happiness of using something simple such as wood plane it blow my mine up… Thank you very much for sharing your pasion and almost forgotten craftsmanship…much respect from Florida

  29. It's amazing to me how I keep coming back to these videos and I learn something more each time. I have been trying to square and parallel some stock in my shed and I realized that it's square but not parallel. Now I know what I need to do next. Thank you so much!

  30. Paul, I enjoy your videos immensley! You are quite the Master Craftsman. I would like to ask where you would suggest an amature such as myself should purchase decent quality hand saws and which hand saws would be appropriate to begin with?

  31. Technology will make things faster. But i realized this time that joy of slow work, small things, quality time, and love of sweat, no technology can substitute.

  32. That had to have been a major work out I watched it all and love it again great video thank you for your time Paul

  33. Paul – my apologies if this question has been asked already, but when you flipped the board over to clean up the 'non-face' side and clamped it with your vise and your bench hook, as a viewer, I can see the board 'flexing' as you planed it. That would seem to indicate some sort of longitudinal or 'end to end' bend in the board. What's confusing is that the board sure looked like it was, as I love to hear you pronounce, 'dead flat'. What is the cause of this flexing (or maybe I should say 'apparent' flexing)? Many thanks – love your videos – keep em' coming!

  34. My father was a carpenter, old school. Watching you makes me think of him and the passion he had for woodwork. Master craftsman both and a pleasure to watch you work. I hope you weren't too exhausted and sore after that workout! Thank you

  35. Dear Paul, you have converted a retired architect into a woodworker, who wants to be like "Paul" one day, hopefully. After I had my white oak cut down (was leaning towards my good neighbor's driveway), I kept three 23" diameter, 4-5ft long trunks. With a help of a good friend and using a chainsaw mill, we sliced ca. 25 slabs varying in thickness 2" to 4". They are stickered now and I am waiting for them to dry. This is the only way for me to describe how much you influenced me and I am thankful to you for it. At this point, I need to ask for your advice again: Once the wood is dry, I will need additional planes (in addition to my Stanley Bailey #4 and a scrub plane) to flatten, trueing, squaring, etc. and some appropriate saws. What would you recommend, what would be your next step? I have a long list of furniture requests for my two grandchildren and I would like to be prepared and ready when my white oak is ready to work on. Your reply and suggestions will be highly appreciated. Thank you in advance!!

  36. With cheap benchtop jointer not working so well (probably an issue with operator error or setup inadequacy), I am finding myself going to hand planes more and more often to fine tune my boards and I keep searching for your videos on whatever I am trying to do and you never fail to give me exactly the information I need. So…. back to my workshop and of course my first course of action will be to sharpen my planes and chisels as always. Thanks, Paul – hope you are enjoying your life back in England.

  37. Hi Paul, a former resident of Texas here, I get the reference. I'm guilty of using afeared in the past, haha. I now live in Virginia, Born in New Mexico and raised on the west coast, Seattle, and San Francisco. I'm a recent devotee of your channel and I was wondering if you might recommend the first two planes that I should add to my collection. I recently purchased a #4 harbour freight plane for $13. I did it as an experiment so I could understand the difference between good and bad planes. This one is BAD. I am giving it a new life by refining the sole and taking care of all the needed flat and sharp surfaces. I'm inexperienced with hand tools but learning fast with this cheap plane. in the distant past, I have had a shopsmith 5. It was fun but a hassle despite its versatility. I really enjoy the organic relationship with wood doing as much as I can by hand now.

  38. Dear Mr Sellers

    I was preparing three boards this weekend. Winding sticks were showing a raised right far corner. I kept plaining with no significant progress. Later I realised that by plaining the corner I have created new hump in the middle. The winding sticks were not sitting on the board so they were not representing the twist.

    Would you please explain your plaining technique in a bit more detail to avoid this problem ?

  39. It makes me laugh that people will buy power tools and a gym membership. It's a bit like the cyclists who buy a bike to get fit and then spend £7000 getting the lightest bike ever made.

  40. Highly informative video. Learning to read the grain, approach, etc.
    Finally someone that shows this in detail. Thank you!

  41. Hey Paul! Thanks for all of your videos. I'm new to wood working and am learning a lot! Side note: I think the phrase you were looking for at about 36:40 is "I ain't scared" 🙂

  42. What absolute pleasure to watch….completely mesmerising. Your passion for your craft is amazing. And boy what a workout.

  43. I really love it when you say "i'm dead straight…" "ooh it feels good… ''
    sometimes i hit the fast forward button just to see the points.
    and this nice oldman succeded make me push the backward button for few times.lol
    thankyou for sharing Mr. Paul

  44. Respect! I just wonder what will happen to that board once it has been straightened out. Can you do this job in one day, or do you want to do it over several days to allow the wood to settle as it releases stress?

  45. I’m trying to master the hand plane. Bought a set of Woodriver #3,4,5,6. I sharpened the iron and got the #5 scary sharp. I can shave with it. I put it back in and tried it and it wasn’t cutting very well and I’m like what the heck. I had the chipper ahead of the iron 🤣🤣🤣 corrected that, set the chipper back about a 32nd from the iron and tried it and it cuts nicely but I don’t see how you guys can square the edge of a board with one?

  46. Some kinds of very beautiful wood are barely impossible to plane. Hard as concrete, very rough, twirly grain running in every possible direction, breaking out. How do you deal with that? I would like to know the names of those 'impossible' wood sorts.

  47. Hi Paul would this work on very hard woods like Oak or Ash ? just asking as I have tried but i've been struggling and just wondered if I need to take another look at my plane sharpening. Thanks for the videos love them.

  48. Anyone else have sound issues?
    I'm loosing sound at 22:55 for the rest of the video. Go back there's sound, go past and nothing.
    Re-load, same issue.

  49. Great Paul very beautiful video. Yours advice are very useful. Yesterday I flattened my first board of Ash tree with my new "old Stanley #4 and #6. It was a good experience, the job was long around 3 hours. I'm very happy because I worked with old blades not sharp, but the result it was great the same, the surface was very smooth.

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